Who is less privileged

Persons with disability

Differently Abled people are those with learning difficulties or difficulties adjusting socially for whom these shortcomings interfere with regular growth and development.

A Differently Abled child is the one who is unable to ensure by itself, wholly or partially the requirements of a regular individual or social life as a result of deficiency in his physical or mental capabilities.

The termDifferently Abled emphasizes the fact that many people with disabilities are quite capable of accomplishing a particular task orperforming a particular function, only in a manner that is different from or takes more time than that of people without the disability.

As per the provisions of the Persons with Disability (PWD) Act, 1995 the people suffering the following are considered Differently Abled persons -

·        Blindness

·        Low vision

·        Leprosy cured

·        Hearing impairment

·        Locomotor disability

·        Mental retardation and

·        Mental illness


Mental Retardation

Intellectual Disability (ID), once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living.

People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly. There are varying degrees of intellectual disability, from mild to profound.

Persons with Intellectual Disability have limitations in two areas. These areas are:

  • Intellectual functioning, this refers to a person’s ability to learn, reason, make decisions, and solve problems.
  • Adaptive behaviors, these are skills necessary for day-to-day life, such as being able to communicate effectively, interact with others, and take care of oneself.

IQ (intelligence quotient) is measured by an IQ test. The average IQ is 100, with the majority of people scoring between 85 and 115. A person is considered intellectually disabled if he or she has an IQ of less than 70 to 75.

Intellectual Disability is thought to affect about 1% of the population. Of those affected, 85% have mild intellectual disability.This means they are just a little slower than average to learn new information or skills. With the right support, most will be able to live independently as adults.